Demographics data for the Balkan Countries

Demographics of the Balkans

The Balkans are known for their rich history, diverse cultures, and unique demographic characteristics. This blog post explores the 2023 population data for the Balkan countries, offering insights into gender distribution, age structure, and population density. The data presented here provides a comprehensive view of the demographic landscape of the Balkans, which is crucial for understanding the region's social and economic dynamics. For more detailed 2023 data, refer to the Demographics of the Balkans.

Table of Contents

Country-Level Demographic Data

The table below provides key demographic counts for the Balkans, including total population, gender distribution, age structure, area, and population density. For comprehensive datasets, see the Demographics of the Balkans.

Country Population Females Males Pop 0-14 Pop 15-64 Pop 64+ Area (km²) Population Density (people/km²)
Albania 2,761,786 51% 49% 16% 68% 16% 28,495 96.92
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,356,878 51% 49% 14% 66% 20% 51,233 65.52
Bulgaria 6,447,710 52% 48% 14% 62% 24% 110,975 58.10
Croatia 4,008,622 52% 48% 14% 63% 22% 57,568 69.63
Greece 10,369,839 51% 49% 13% 63% 23% 131,758 78.70
Kosovo 1,770,009 50% 50% 28% 65% 7% 10,893 162.49
Macedonia 1,836,713 50% 50% 17% 66% 17% 25,422 72.25
Montenegro 642,332 51% 49% 19% 68% 13% 13,646 47.07
Republic of Turkey 85,372,375 50% 50% 22% 68% 10% 779,841 109.47
Romania 19,049,175 51% 49% 16% 64% 20% 238,287 79.94
Serbia 6,650,943 51% 49% 14% 64% 22% 77,537 85.78


Analysis of Demographic Data in the Balkans

Total Population

The total population for each Balkan country varies significantly, the Republic of Turkey is the most populous country in the region, boasting over 85 million people. In contrast, Montenegro has the smallest population, with just over 642,000 people. This diversity in population sizes reflects the varied social, economic, and cultural landscapes within the Balkans. Detailed demographic datasets can be found in the Demographics of the Balkans.

Gender Distribution

The gender distribution in the Balkan countries is relatively balanced, with most countries having a slight majority of females. Here is a breakdown of the gender distribution:

  • Albania: 51% females, 49% males
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: 51% females, 49% males
  • Bulgaria: 52% females, 48% males
  • Croatia: 52% females, 48% males
  • Greece: 51% females, 49% males
  • Kosovo: 50% females, 50% males
  • Macedonia: 50% females, 50% males
  • Montenegro: 51% females, 49% males
  • Republic of Turkey: 50% females, 50% males
  • Romania: 51% females, 49% males
  • Serbia: 51% females, 49% males
  • Age Distribution

    The age distribution is a crucial factor in understanding the demographic dynamics of the region. The table shows the proportion of the population that falls into different age categories:

    Young Population (0-14 years):

  • Highest in Kosovo (28%)
  • Lowest in Greece (13%)
  • Generally around 14-19% in most countries
  • Working-Age Population (15-64 years):

  • Generally the largest age group
  • Highest proportions in Montenegro, Republic of Turkey, and Albania (68%)
  • Lowest in Bulgaria (62%)
  • Elderly Population (64+ years):

  • Highest in Bulgaria (24%)
  • Lowest in Kosovo (7%)
  • Other countries range between 13% and 23%
  • Kosovo stands out with a significantly younger population, which can have implications for its labour market and educational needs. Conversely, Bulgaria has a larger elderly population, indicating potential challenges related to healthcare and pensions.

    Population Density

    Population density varies widely across the Balkan countries, reflecting differences in geography, urbanization, and land use. Here are some key observations:

    Highest Population Density:

  • Kosovo: 162.49 people/km²
  • Republic of Turkey: 109.47 people/km²
  • Albania: 96.92 people/km²
  • Lowest Population Density:

  • Montenegro: 47.07 people/km²
  • Bulgaria: 58.10 people/km²
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: 65.52 people/km²
  • High population densities in countries like Kosovo and Turkey indicate more urbanized and potentially economically vibrant areas. In contrast, lower densities in Montenegro and Bulgaria may suggest more rural and less densely populated regions.

    A Detailed Overview of the Municipalities

    The Balkan region, known for its rich history and cultural diversity, is home to a variety of different populations and demographic structures. This post delves into the demographic data of several Balkan municipalities, focusing on their population size, age distribution, and working-age population. We'll explore the most populous municipalities, the youngest and oldest municipalities, as well as those with the highest working-age populations. Let's dive into the data and uncover the demographic trends in the Balkans. For a detailed geodemographic dataset, refer to the Demographics of the Balkans.

    Top 10 Most Populous Municipalities

    Country Municipality Total Population
    Romania Bucharest 1,731,132
    Bulgaria Sofia 1,280,334
    Republic of Türkiye Esenyurt 984,642
    Republic of Türkiye Çankaya 943,579
    Republic of Türkiye Şahinbey 942,079
    Republic of Türkiye Keçiören 940,301
    Republic of Türkiye Osmangazi 892,220
    Republic of Türkiye Şehitkamil 858,100
    Republic of Türkiye Küçükçekmece 809,838
    Republic of Türkiye Seyhan 795,877

    Bucharest, Romania: With a population of over 1.7 million, Bucharest is the most populous municipality in the Balkans. It serves as the political, economic, and cultural hub of Romania.
    Sofia, Bulgaria: As the capital of Bulgaria, Sofia houses over 1.2 million people, reflecting its status as the country's primary urban center.
    Turkey: Seven out of the ten most populous municipalities are in Turkey, indicating the country's extensive urbanization. Municipalities like Esenyurt, Çankaya, and Şahinbey highlight the rapid population growth in Turkish cities.

    Top 10 Youngest Municipalities (Population aged 0-14)

    Country Municipality Pop 0-14
    Republic of Türkiye Harran 49%
    Republic of Türkiye Akçakale 47%
    Republic of Türkiye Eyyübiye 42%
    Republic of Türkiye Viranşehir 40%
    Republic of Türkiye Ceylanpınar 39%
    Republic of Türkiye Çınar 38%
    Republic of Türkiye Siverek 38%
    Republic of Türkiye Cizre 37%
    Republic of Türkiye Çaldıran 37%
    Republic of Türkiye Pervari 36%
    Republic of Türkiye Silopi 36%

    Harran, Turkey: Nearly half of Harran's population is under the age of 14, indicating a very young population that will influence future educational and labour market needs.
    Overall Trend in Turkey: All the top 10 youngest municipalities are in Turkey, reflecting high birth rates in various regions, particularly in the southeastern part of the country.

    Top 10 Oldest Municipalities (Population aged 64+)

    Country Municipality Pop 64+
    Bulgaria Nevestino 52.67%
    Bulgaria Gramada 50.99%
    Bulgaria Makresh 49.67%
    Bulgaria Georgi Damyanovo 47.74%
    Bulgaria Kovachevtsi 47.39%
    Croatia Biskupija 47.17%
    Bulgaria Novo Selo 43.71%
    Bulgaria Chiprovtsi 43.62%
    Croatia Šolta 43.47%
    Bulgaria Opan 43.41%
    Bulgaria Zemen 43.32%

    Nevestino, Bulgaria: Over half of Nevestino's population is aged 64 and older, indicating a highly aged population demographic that may require enhanced healthcare and social services.
    Bulgaria and Croatia: The presence of multiple Bulgarian and Croatian municipalities in this list highlights significant aging populations in these countries, likely due to lower birth rates and higher life expectancy.

    Top 10 Municipalities with Highest Working-Age Population (Population aged 15-64)

    Country Municipality Pop 15-64
    Republic of Türkiye Yahşihan 78.38%
    Republic of Türkiye Kağıthane 75.95%
    Republic of Türkiye Şişli 75.79%
    Bosnia and Herzegovina Dobretici 74.95%
    Republic of Türkiye Beyoğlu 74.79%
    Republic of Türkiye Sarıyer 74.33%
    Republic of Türkiye Maltepe 73.72%
    Republic of Türkiye Çukurca 73.55%
    Republic of Türkiye Merkez 73.45%
    Republic of Türkiye Üsküdar 73.22%
    Republic of Türkiye Bayrampaşa 73.20%
    Republic of Türkiye Merkez 73.19%
    Republic of Türkiye Ataşehir 73.11%
    Republic of Türkiye Güngören 73.09%
    Republic of Türkiye Bahçelievler 73.05%
    Republic of Türkiye Eyüpsultan 73.03%

    Yahşihan, Turkey: With nearly 78% of its population in the working-age group, Yahşihan represents a highly active labor force, which is beneficial for economic productivity.
    Turkey's Dominance: Similar to other demographic trends, Turkish municipalities dominate this list, showcasing the high levels of working-age population across various Turkish regions.

    Highest Percentage of Females (Municipalities)

    Country Municipality Females
    Republic of Türkiye Bozkurt 56.74%
    Serbia Vračar 55.18%
    Republic of Türkiye Kadıköy 55.13%
    Bosnia and Herzegovina Novo Sarajevo 54.75%
    Greece Filothei-Psychiko 54.66%
    Serbia Stari grad 54.65%
    Bosnia and Herzegovina Centar Sarajevo 54.42%
    Greece Papagos-Cholargos 54.38%
    Republic of Türkiye Beşiktaş 54.33%
    Romania Bucharest 54.05%

    The demographic landscape of the Balkans is characterized by diverse population structures across different municipalities. Urban centers like Bucharest and Sofia highlight high population densities, while Turkish municipalities show significant youthful and high working-age demographics. Conversely, Bulgarian and Croatian municipalities exhibit a notably aging populations. These 2023 demographic insights are helpful for policymakers and researchers as they address the unique challenges and opportunities within each region of the Balkans. Understanding these trends will aid in developing targeted strategies for sustainable development and social welfare. For more detailed analyses and insights, stay tuned to our upcoming posts where we delve deeper into specific demographic aspects of the Balkan region, and consult the Demographics of the Balkans.

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