Denmark, Norway, and Sweden Population Statistics

Exploring Scandinavian Population Statistics

Scandinavia, a region renowned for its stunning landscapes and high quality of life, comprises three main countries: Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. This blog post delves into the demographic details of these countries, focusing on population statistics.

Total Population Analysis

Number of Municipalities and Total Population by Country
  • Denmark: 98 municipalities, total population of 5,932,561
  • Norway: 356 municipalities, total population of 5,488,984
  • Sweden: 290 municipalities, total population of 10,612,080

How Many People Live in All of Scandinavia?

When considering the combined population of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, the total number of people residing in Scandinavia amounts to 22,033,625. This figure underscores the region's overall density and its importance on the European stage.

Top 10 Most Populated Municipalities in Scandinavia

Here are the top 10 most populated municipalities in Scandinavia:

  1. Stockholm, Sweden - 993,221 people
  2. Oslo, Norway - 709,037 people
  3. Copenhagen, Denmark - 653,664 people
  4. Gothenburg, Sweden - 601,976 people
  5. Aarhus, Denmark - 361,544 people
  6. Malmö, Sweden - 360,452 people
  7. Bergen, Norway - 289,330 people
  8. Uppsala, Sweden - 244,223 people
  9. Aalborg, Denmark - 222,571 people
  10. Trondheim, Norway - 212,660 people

These municipalities are key urban centers that drive the economic and cultural vibrancy of their respective countries.

Top 10 Least Populated Municipalities in Scandinavia

In contrast, the top 10 least populated municipalities in Scandinavia are:

  1. Læsø, Denmark - 1,759 people
  2. Kvitsøy, Norway - 528 people
  3. Fedje, Norway - 527 people
  4. Utsira, Norway - 206 people
  5. Skúvoy, Faroe Islands (Denmark) - 51 people
  6. Træna, Norway - 454 people
  7. Flakstad, Norway - 1,318 people
  8. Torsken, Norway - 1,359 people
  9. Røst, Norway - 497 people
  10. Båtsfjord, Norway - 2,167 people

These smaller municipalities, often in remote areas, reflect the diverse living environments within Scandinavia, from bustling urban centers to tranquil rural locales.

Largest Municipality in Each Scandinavian Country

Each Scandinavian country has its largest municipality, which plays a crucial role in its national context:

  1. Denmark: Copenhagen - With a population of 653,664, Copenhagen is Denmark's capital and largest city, known for its historical landmarks and modern infrastructure.
  2. Norway: Oslo - Oslo, the capital city, has a population of 709,037 and is the hub of Norwegian politics, economy, and culture.
  3. Sweden: Stockholm - As the capital and largest city of Sweden, Stockholm boasts a population of 993,221, and is renowned for its stunning archipelago and vibrant cultural scene.

For more detailed demographic data, consider purchasing the Scandinavian Countries Geodemographics Dataset with Boundaries.

Age and Dependency Ratio Analysis

Share of children in the Scandinavian countries

Understanding the age distribution and dependency ratios in Scandinavian municipalities provides valuable insights into the demographic challenges and opportunities these regions face. The share of the population aged 0-14 varies significantly across municipalities, reflecting the differing birth rates and family structures. For instance, in Denmark, municipalities like Egedal and Herlev have higher proportions of young people, at 19% and 18% respectively, indicating a relatively young population base. Conversely, smaller municipalities such as Læsø have much lower percentages of young people, which can impact future workforce availability and economic growth.

Share of people 64+ in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden

The share of the population aged 64 and above is another critical factor, as it directly affects healthcare needs and social services. In Sweden, municipalities like Åsele and Bjurholm have over 30% of their population in this age group, highlighting the challenges of an aging population. This trend is also evident in Norway, where municipalities like Bykle and Røyrvik have similar age structures. High percentages of elderly residents necessitate robust healthcare infrastructure and support services to maintain quality of life for older citizens.

Dependency Ration in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden

Dependency ratios, which measure the proportion of dependents (young and old) to the total population, are crucial for understanding the economic burden on the productive population. In some Scandinavian municipalities, such as Årø in Denmark and Bjurholm in Sweden, dependency ratios exceed 40%, indicating a significant economic challenge. These high ratios can strain public resources and require policies focused on increasing workforce participation and supporting dependent populations. In contrast, municipalities like Stockholm and Oslo, with dependency ratios around 30%, are better positioned to manage these challenges, benefiting from a larger working-age population.

For a thorough analysis of these demographic trends, the Scandinavian Countries Geodemographics Dataset with Boundaries offers invaluable data.


Scandinavia, with its rich cultural heritage and dynamic economies, continues to thrive. Sweden, as the most populous country, plays a pivotal role in the region's identity. Understanding these population statistics not only informs us about the present but also helps in planning for the future, ensuring that the region continues to prosper sustainably.

For more detailed insights and updates on Scandinavian demographics, stay tuned to our blog.

Reference: This analysis utilizes data from the Scandinavian Countries Geodemographics Dataset with Boundaries, a valuable source for understanding the population distribution and demographics of the region.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.