The European Union Population - Facts and Figures

The European Union Population - Facts and Figures

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union consisting of various countries with diverse populations and territories. Here are some key facts and figures about the population and geography of the EU based on the latest data.

How many countries are there in the European Union?

There are currently 27 countries in the European Union.

Which EU country has the biggest population?

The country with the largest population in the EU is Germany, with a population of approximately 83.2 million people.

Which EU country has the biggest territory?

France has the largest territory in the EU, covering an area of about 548,741 square kilometers.

Which EU country has the biggest population density?

Malta is the most densely populated country in the EU, with a population density of about 1,699 people per square kilometer.

Population of the countries in the European Union

Which EU country has the lowest population?

Malta has the lowest population in the EU, with approximately 536,351 residents.

What are the top 3 populations in the EU?

The top three countries in the EU by population are:

  1. Germany: 83.2 million people
  2. France: 65.8 million people
  3. Italy: 58.9 million people

What is the smallest country in the EU?

Malta is the smallest country in the EU by area, covering just 316 square kilometers.

What is the most crowded country in the EU?

Malta is the most crowded country in the EU, with the highest population density of about 1,699 people per square kilometer.

These facts illustrate the diversity within the European Union, where countries vary greatly in terms of population size, density, and territory. This diversity is a significant aspect of the EU's identity, contributing to its rich cultural and demographic tapestry.

Age Distribution Analysis of the European Union

The demographic composition of the European Union (EU) varies significantly across its member states. Analyzing the shares of children, working-age population, and the elderly population provides valuable insights into the socio-economic landscape of the region. Here's a detailed analysis based on the latest data.

Share of Children (0-14 years)

The share of children in the European Union countriesThe share of children in a population is an important indicator of the potential for future growth and the need for investments in education and childcare services.

Key Observations:

  • Ireland (20%) and Luxembourg (19%) have the highest shares of children. This suggests a relatively young population that will require substantial educational infrastructure and childcare services in the coming years.
  • Italy (12%) and Greece (13%) have the lowest shares of children, indicating aging populations and potentially shrinking future workforce unless balanced by immigration or higher birth rates.
  • Most other EU countries have shares of children ranging between 14% and 17%, suggesting a balanced demographic structure.
  • Share of Working-Age Population (15-64 years)

    Working age population in the European Union

    The working-age population is the backbone of any economy, driving economic growth, productivity, and contributing to the social security system.

    Key Observations:

  • Malta (68%) and Luxembourg (67%) have the highest shares of working-age populations, indicating a strong and potentially productive workforce.
  • France (61%) and Finland (62%) have relatively lower shares, which could pose challenges in sustaining economic growth and supporting the elderly population.
  • Many countries, including Germany, Italy, and Spain, have around 64%-66% of their population in the working-age group, reflecting a balanced demographic structure but facing future challenges of aging populations.
  • Share of Elderly Population (65+ years)

    65+ Population in the countries of the European UnionThe share of the elderly population is a critical indicator of the demographic aging process, which has significant implications for healthcare, pensions, and social services.

    Key Observations:

  • Italy (24%) and Bulgaria (24%) have the highest shares of elderly populations, indicating significant challenges in terms of healthcare, pension systems, and eldercare services.
  • Luxembourg (14%) and Ireland (15%) have the lowest shares, suggesting a relatively younger population with potentially lower immediate pressures on healthcare and pension systems.
  • Most EU countries have shares of elderly populations ranging between 20% and 23%, indicating a broad trend of aging that will require adjustments in social and economic policies.
  • Diving Deeper into EU Municipalities: Population, Density, and Area

    Top 10 Biggest Municipalities by Population

    The municipalities in the EU vary significantly in population size. Here are the top 10 most populous municipalities:

  • Berlin, Germany - 3,677,472 people
  • Madrid, Spain - 3,277,437 people
  • Roma, Italy - 2,741,609 people
  • Paris, France - 2,102,650 people
  • Wien (Vienna), Austria - 1,982,097 people
  • Warsaw, Poland - 1,873,879 people
  • Hamburg, Germany - 1,853,935 people
  • Bucharest, Romania - 1,731,132 people
  • Budapest, Hungary - 1,671,004 people
  • Barcelona, Spain - 1,627,563 people
  • Top 10 Municipalities with the Highest Population Density

    Population density can vary widely within the EU, with some municipalities being particularly crowded. Here are the top 10 municipalities with the highest population density:

    1. Levallois-perret, France - 28,180.1 people per km²
    2. Vincennes, France - 26,292.1 people per km²
    3. Rotunda A, Ireland - 25,714.1 people per km²
    4. Le Pré-saint-gervais, France - 24,782.1 people per km²
    5. Saint-mandé, France - 24,431.0 people per km²
    6. Mountjoy A, Ireland - 24,221.3 people per km²
    7. Emperador, Spain - 24,127.4 people per km²
    8. Saint-josse-ten-noode, Belgium - 23,440.3 people per km²
    9. Montrouge, France - 23413.144 people per km²
    10. Clichy, France - 20631.85055 people per km²

      These statistics offer a glimpse into the diverse characteristics of municipalities across the European Union, highlighting differences in population size, and density.

      For more detailed data on municipalities within the European Union, including population, density, and area statistics, consider purchasing the comprehensive dataset from GeoLocet's European Union Geodemographics Data.


      Understanding the demographic landscape of the European Union is essential for grasping its socio-economic dynamics. The diversity in population size, density, and age distribution across member states underscores the complexity and richness of the EU. This demographic variety impacts everything from policy-making to economic planning and social services.

      Call to Action

      Discover the value of high-quality demographic data by downloading a sample of our dataset. Assess the precision and depth of information available, and make an informed decision to purchase the comprehensive dataset for your needs. Download GeoLocet's European Union Geodemographics Data to unlock valuable insights into Europe's demographic patterns.

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