Population density of European municipalities

Unveiling Europe's Demographic Landscape: A Deep Dive into the Municipality Population of Europe


Last month, we launched our latest dataset product which focuses on the demographics of Europe. This comprehensive dataset provides valuable insights into various aspects of the population across different regions. In this blog post, we will explore some fascinating trends and statistics revealed by this dataset, particularly focusing on age distributions, demographics, and the variations between regions.

Exploring Population Distribution in Europe

Europe is a diverse continent with significant variation in population density and with different age distributions. Our dataset provides population counts for the municipalities of Europe. Here are some insights that can be gleaned from the dataset:


Top 10 Most Populated Municipalities in Europe
  • Highest Population Municipality: The municipality with the highest population is Berlin, Germany, with a population of 3,677,472.
  • Lowest Population Municipality: On the other hand, the municipality with the lowest population is Rochefourchat, France, standing at 1.
  • Highest Population Density Municipality: The municipality with the highest population density is Carrigaline, Ireland - 5300/km2
  • Lowest Population Density Municipality: The municipality with the lowest population density is Fljótsdalshreppur, Iceland - 0.6/km2
Top 10 European Municipalities by Population Density

Age Demographics: A Look at Youth and Elderly Populations

Understanding the age distribution is crucial for planning and policy-making. The dataset breaks down the population into three key age groups: 0-14, 15-64, and 65+. Let's examine the age demographics across Europe:

  • Youth Population (0-14 years): The highest proportion of youth is found in Hani i Elezit, Kosovo, where 30% of the population falls within this age group.
  • Working-Age Population (15-64 years): The largest working-age population is in Ireland, Cappavilla, comprising 89% of the total population.
  • Elderly Population (65+ years): The region with the highest percentage of elderly residents is Bois-sainte-marie, France, with 67% of the population aged 65 and above.

Europe's varying dependency ratios provide insight into the burden on the working-age population. It is a key statistic for planners. The average dependency ratio across Europe is calculated to be 35%. This is the proportion of the population (the young and old) which are supported by the working age populations.

Our analysis reveals that there are more than 1,200 municipalities with a dependency ratio exceeding 50%. This indicates that in these areas, the combined youth and elderly populations are more than half the size of the working-age population, potentially posing social and economic challenges.

Interestingly, the top 50 municipalities with the highest dependency ratios are predominantly located in France, which accounts for 46 of these municipalities. Other notable entries include one municipality from Germany (Nieby), one from Croatia (Civljane), and two from Bulgaria (Gramada and Boynitsa). These regions are likely to be more dependent on Government policy due to their high dependency ratios.

Regional Variations and Insights

Europe can be divided into several regions with distinct demographic characteristics. Here, we will look at some specific regions to highlight their unique demographic features.

  • Scandinavian Region: Known for its high quality of life, the Scandinavian region shows interesting demographic trends. For instance, Sweden and Denmark have a significant elderly population, indicating a higher life expectancy and low birth rate. 
  • Balkan Region: The Balkan region presents a younger demographic, with countries like Kosovo having a much higher percentage of young people. Kosovo has 28% of its population under the age of 14, suggesting potential for future workforce growth.  

To provide a clearer picture of these age demographics across different countries, the following table summarizes the age distribution for each country in Europe as of 2023.

Country Pop 0-14 Pop 15-64 Pop 64+
Albania 16% 68% 16%
Andorra 12% 73% 15%
Austria 14% 66% 20%
Belarus 17% 67% 16%
Belgium 17% 64% 20%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 14% 66% 20%
Bulgaria 14% 62% 24%
Croatia 14% 63% 22%
Czechia 16% 64% 20%
Denmark 16% 64% 20%
Finland 15% 62% 23%
France 17% 61% 21%
Germany 14% 64% 22%
Greece 13% 63% 23%
Guernsey 15% 65% 20%
Hungary 15% 65% 21%
Iceland 18% 67% 15%
Ireland 20% 65% 15%
Isle of Man 15% 63% 22%
Italy 12% 64% 24%
Jersey 15% 67% 18%
Kosovo 28% 65% 7%
Liechtenstein 15% 67% 19%
Luxembourg 19% 67% 14%
Macedonia 17% 66% 17%
Malta 13% 68% 19%
Moldova 18% 66% 16%
Monaco 13% 61% 26%
Montenegro 19% 68% 13%
Netherlands 15% 64% 21%
Norway 17% 65% 18%
Poland 15% 65% 19%
Portugal 13% 64% 23%
Republic of Türkiye 22% 68% 10%
Romania 16% 64% 20%
Russia 17% 66% 16%
Serbia 14% 64% 22%
Slovakia 16% 66% 18%
Slovenia 15% 64% 21%
Spain 14% 66% 19%
Sweden 17% 62% 20%
Switzerland 15% 66% 19%
Ukraine 15% 67% 18%
United Kingdom 17% 64% 19%
Grand Total 16% 65% 19%



Europe's demographic landscape is diverse and dynamic, with significant variations in population density, age distribution, and dependency ratios across different regions. Our dataset reveals key trends, such as the concentration of high population densities in urban areas like Berlin and Madrid, and the presence of municipalities with high dependency ratios predominantly in France. These insights highlight the unique challenges and opportunities faced by different regions.

Understanding these demographic trends is crucial for policymakers, businesses, and researchers to address the social and economic implications effectively. Whether it's planning for an aging population in Northern Europe or leveraging the more youthful parts of the Balkans, data-driven strategies are essential for sustainable development.

Call to Action

To explore these insights further and gain access to comprehensive demographic data for Europe, visit our product page for the Europe Geodemographics Dataset with Boundaries. This product offers detailed information on population distribution, age demographics, density, and municipal boundaries, providing valuable tools for informed decision-making.

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